What point of view does the narrator take? It is limited in scope and has an introduction, body and conclusion. It has to do with his attitude towards the subject.
What type of characters are they? What role does setting play in the story? Does the author use a lot of symbolism? Conflict Conflict or tension is usually the heart of the short story and is related to the main character.
Does it take place in the present, the past, or the future? You will often be asked to write a literary analysis. Literary analysis rules remain the same whether you analyze a poem, novel, or a short story.
Introduce the characters of the story.
You notice the style of writing, the tone, and the theme and character development. How is the setting created?