This theory emphasizes the stages in the development of poulation. The classical demographic transition theory identifies four stages: Stage 1 : The High Stationary In this stage birth and death rates are high.
Population growth is low Reasons for these changes - Lack of family planning,influence of religion on daily life Stage 2 : Early Expanding High birth and rapidly declining death rates.
To Marx,the fact of poverty, is in reality the result of exploitation of the owners of the technology to produce, who simultaneously hold vast reserves of capital in the form of land, property all of which gives them political power.
Lack of deterrence - New rights believe that the police are too soft whcih leads to situations where they arent dettered 4 of 5 Government Attempts to Battle Crime Anti-Social-Behaviour-Orders asbos - Often regarded as a badge as honour, over half are breeched by under 18's. Neighbourhood watch - Voluntry movement where people of towns and villages can do something about small crimes.
Custodial sentences - Prison time Community service - A person found to commit a crime does something helpful for society with no charge 5 of 5.
Knife amnesty - Leaving bins outside police stations where you can drop a knife off anonymously Equality act - Equal treatment to all people no matter what. Lack of opportunity - Not getting success through legitimate means for example if teenagers cant get work due to poor GCSE's then they turn to criminal acts.
Ethnicity - Black youths often form gangs engaging in violent and other criminal acts. Positive checks - this refer to phenomena that would increase mortality, eg.
To Malthus, the 'natural law' principle operates to keep population growth in check. The tranisition in population vary from society to society. Peer groups and sub cultures - May be in a peer group that supports criminal and deviant acts.
Chivalry Thesis suggests that courts and police are sexists and treat women more leniently.