What would a study of the same relationship look like if examined using a deductive approach? Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories.
Example All dogs have fleas premise Benno is a dog premise Benno has fleas conclusion Based on the premises we have, the conclusion must be true. The survey data were well suited to a deductive approach; we could analyze those data to test hypotheses that were generated based on theories of harassment.
Exercises For a hilarious example of logic gone awry, check out the following clip from Monty Python and Holy Grail: click to see video Do the townspeople take an inductive or deductive approach to determine whether the woman in question is a witch?
It is important to stress that inductive approach does not imply disregarding theories when formulating research questions and objectives.
Deductive research approach is associated with the positivism paradigm, whereas inductive research approach is associated with interpretivism. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52, 4— However, if the first premise turns out to be false, the conclusion that Benno has fleas cannot be relied upon.
The researchers therefore took an inductive approach in an effort to make sense of their latest empirical observations. We hope that this post would have been useful for you to understand about the research approach. In other cases, a researcher might begin a study with the plan to only conduct either inductive or deductive research, but then he or she discovers along the way that the other approach is needed to help illuminate findings.
This approach aims to generate meanings from the data set collected in order to identify patterns and relationships to build a theory; however, inductive approach does not prevent the researcher from using existing theory to formulate the research question to be explored.