Inductive research method

inductive approach in teaching

What would a study of the same relationship look like if examined using a deductive approach? Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories.

Example All dogs have fleas premise Benno is a dog premise Benno has fleas conclusion Based on the premises we have, the conclusion must be true. The survey data were well suited to a deductive approach; we could analyze those data to test hypotheses that were generated based on theories of harassment.

Inductive and deductive approach in geography

Deductive approach is linked with the positivism philosophy, which include hypothesis to prove assumptions. We then tested our hypotheses by analyzing the survey data. No hypotheses can be found at the initial stages of the research and the researcher is not sure about the type and nature of the research findings until the study is completed. The researchers therefore took an inductive approach in an effort to make sense of their latest empirical observations. The inductive study is followed up with deductive research to confirm or invalidate the conclusion. Understanding to these approaches is essential to increase the efficiency of the research study. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. Presented at the meetings of the American Sociological Association. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 28, 1—

Exercises For a hilarious example of logic gone awry, check out the following clip from Monty Python and Holy Grail: click to see video Do the townspeople take an inductive or deductive approach to determine whether the woman in question is a witch?

It is important to stress that inductive approach does not imply disregarding theories when formulating research questions and objectives.

Deductive research approach is associated with the positivism paradigm, whereas inductive research approach is associated with interpretivism. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52, 4— However, if the first premise turns out to be false, the conclusion that Benno has fleas cannot be relied upon.

The researchers therefore took an inductive approach in an effort to make sense of their latest empirical observations. We hope that this post would have been useful for you to understand about the research approach. In other cases, a researcher might begin a study with the plan to only conduct either inductive or deductive research, but then he or she discovers along the way that the other approach is needed to help illuminate findings.

This approach aims to generate meanings from the data set collected in order to identify patterns and relationships to build a theory; however, inductive approach does not prevent the researcher from using existing theory to formulate the research question to be explored.

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Inductive research