This is often seen in peer pressure type situations. Asch's work had demonstrated that people could easily be swayed to conform to group pressure, but Milgram wanted to see just how far people would be willing to go. Thank you,for signing up. The confederates uniformly gave incorrect answers on 12 of the 16 trials, and 76 percent of the participants went along with the norm at least once and also gave the wrong answer.
Without this "leader", conformity toward the group's goals will be less prevalent. They notice the boisterous heavy drinker at the party but fail to consider all the students not attending the party. The finding that conformity is more likely to occur when responses are public than when they are private is the reason government elections require voting in secret, so we are not coerced by others Figure 2. When you are uncertain you will tend to look at the behavior of others in the theater. Obedience While conformity focuses on changing to fit into a group, obedience has more to do with the level of authority of the person doing the influencing. Since it seems that the majority of people like to follow others it seems reasonable that cults give people a direction and focus that might not otherwise be there. In normative social influence, people conform to the group norm to fit in, to feel good, and to be accepted by the group. The confederates uniformly gave incorrect answers on 12 of the 16 trials, and 76 percent of the participants went along with the norm at least once and also gave the wrong answer. A study of normative and informational social influences upon individual judgment. Journal of Consumer Research, 35, — Some conditions of obedience and disobedience to authority.
How the members of a group influence an individual is an important part of social psychology research. Obedience occurs when you are told to do something authoritywhereas conformity happens through social pressure the norms of the majority.
Obedience involves following the order of someone with a higher status; conformity usually involves going along with people of equal status. Did your results turn out as expected?
Examples of obedience in society
Excessive drinking is a serious problem on many campuses Mita, That is, how often do you think the group influenced the participant, and the participant gave the wrong answer? If you had been "a teacher" in the Milgram experiment, would you have behaved differently than the majority who delivered what they thought were massive volt shocks? Requests for and acts of compliance occur in everyone's lives. When you are uncertain you will tend to look at the behavior of others in the theater. How can we use descriptive norm information to change problem behaviors? Is conformity more likely or less likely to occur when interacting with other people through social media as compared to face-to-face encounters? From these experiments you can see that obedience is a trait that can be seen in everybody under the right circumstances or situations. To start, humans may possess an inherent tendency to imitate the actions of others. These citizens signed up for what they believed to be an experiment on learning and memory. In conformity, it is the group that holds the power, but in obedience, power is centralized and concentrated in a leader or influential person. In particular, they were told the research concerned the effects of punishment on learning. Obedience While conformity focuses on changing to fit into a group, obedience has more to do with the level of authority of the person doing the influencing. From these results Milgram concluded that most people will do almost anything when asked to do so by someone in authority even if it went against what he or she believed was right Velasquez, Andre, Shanks, Meyer, Meyer, Diener Eds , Noba textbook series: Psychology.
By Saul McLeodpublished What is obedience? Research on the topic of conformity began inwhen Solomon Asch performed a series of renowned studies. There are many legitimate authorities in a person's life from their parents to teachers at school and even spiritual leaders.
Those that conform tend to be obedient and compliant. Some deviations from societal norms are not necessarily group related. Thank you, , for signing up. Conformity and obedience are central concepts to social influence and the studies discussed in this paper gave both classical as well as contemporary study examples on how group influences could get individual to do things that they might not otherwise do. We never question a lot of the rules that people say in are best interest because they are usually told to us by someone that is in a position higher than we are at. What factors make a person more likely to yield to group pressure? Were they afraid, or was there something in their personality that made them like that? The remaining members of the group were confederates of the researcher.
The leader has complete control over the group from where you live to even who you marry. However, television follows a different set of rules.
Although we usually are not aware of it, we often mimic the gestures, body posture, language, talking speed, and many other behaviors of the people we interact with.
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