Inferiority The fourth psychosocial stage takes place during the early school years from approximately age 5 to During the initiative versus guilt stage, children assert themselves more frequently. Each stage of development revolves around a central crisis that the individual must contend with in order to move on to the next stage.
However, as they form relationships with others, they also get to experience rejections, such as being rejected by someone they like and breaking up with their partners. To signify the opposing or conflicting relationship between each pair of forces or dispositions Erikson connected them with the word 'versus', which he abbreviated to 'v'.
Although Erikson accepted Freud's theory, he did not focus on the parent-child relationship and gave more importance to the role of the ego, particularly the person's progression as self. When infants come into the world, they are vulnerable and dependent on others for survival.
Despair From the mids to the end of life, we are in the period of development known as late adulthood.