Basic sentence structure

An adjective is added green to describe the apples. The simplest modifiers are adjectives and adverbs.

Sentence structure examples

They studied APA rules for many hours as they were so interesting. Subject-Verb-Adverb This is the basic subject-verb-adverb pattern. She completed her literature review. Appositive constructions offer concise ways of describing or defining a person, place, or thing. Here are some common subordinating conjunctions: after, although, as, because, before, how, if, once, since, than, that, though, till, until, when, where, whether, while Here are the five basic relative pronouns: that, which, who, whom, whose Compound-Complex Sentence Structure A compound-complex sentence consists of at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Verb: Expresses what the person, animal, place, thing, or concept does. First Name Are you a teacher or a student? Adjectives modify nouns, while adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Object: A person, animal, place, thing, or concept that receives the action.

An interrogative sentence poses a question: Why do babies cry? Note that there is no comma in this sentence because it begins with an independent clause.

Pay close attention to comma usage in complex-compound sentences so that the reader is easily able to follow the intended meaning.

basic sentence structure pdf

The subject represents what or whom the sentence is about. Please see these archived webinars for more information. Simple Sentences A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb, and it may also have an object and modifiers.

Sentence structure table

Bill kicks the red ball. Jon is a student. The subject is usually a noun —a word that names a person, place, or thing. However, it contains only one independent clause. All present participles end in -ing. Mary went to work but John went to the party. Subject-Verb-Adverb This is the basic subject-verb-adverb pattern. He organized his sources by theme; then, he updated his reference list. Jack quickly eats carrots at home. I like coffee and Mary likes tea. Experienced writers know that the basic parts of a sentence can be combined and arranged in countless ways. A prepositional phrase has two basic parts: a preposition plus a noun or a pronoun that serves as the object of the preposition. There are no easy recipes, no step-by-step instructions. She completed her literature review. Each of these clauses could form a sentence alone.

He organized his sources by theme. Continue Reading.

Basic sentence examples

Sentence Structure Video Playlist. Subject-Verb-Object This is a basic subject-verb-object pattern. Our dog barks when she hears a noise. The boy is a student. A compound-complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause: Judy laughed and Jimmy cried when the clowns ran past their seats. We use MailChimp as our marketing automation platform. In what way? Appositives An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames another word in a sentence—most often a noun that immediately precedes it. Jon is a smart student. Subject-Verb This is the basic subject-verb pattern. I like coffee. I like coffee and Mary likes tea. Or we could say, Words can be organized into sentences in many different ways. A sentence must have a complete idea that stands alone.

If, on the other hand, the sentence begins with an independent clause, there is not a comma separating the two clauses. These elements include the direct object, indirect object, and subject complement. In addition, there are other elements, contained within the subject or predicate, that add meaning or detail.

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Basic English sentence structure